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213. Racketeering (F)

(a) It shall be unlawful for any person, group of persons, or organization(s), to knowingly engage or participate in, or conspire to engage or participate in, a pattern of racketeering activity, or through the collection of an unlawful debt,  in the service of, association with or employment by any enterprise.

(b) It shall be unlawful for any person through a pattern of criminal racketeering activity or through the collection of an unlawful debt to acquire or maintain, directly or indirectly, any interest in or control of any enterprise which is engaged in, or the activities of which affect, commercial activity.


This offense shall be liable under a Class A (6), Class B (5), or Class C (4) felony punishable by no less than 4 Days and no more than 8 Days of imprisonment.



Note: For the purposes of this section:


  1. "Enterprise" and all variations shall reference any coordinated, cooperative or collaborative activity undertaken by two or more persons associated by partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity, and any union or group of individuals associated in fact but not necessarily through a legal entity with the intention of achieving financial or other material gain for the affiliated persons.
  2. "Racketeering activity" and all variations shall refer to any act involving the commission or attempted commission, a conspiracy to commit, threat to commit or to intentionally aid, solicit, order, coerce or intimidate another person to commit any unlawful activities defined within any of the following listed within the Penal Code:
  3. "Pattern of racketeering activity" and all variations shall refer to a minimum of two acts of racketeering activity, one of which occurred after the effective date of this section and the last of which occurred within twenty days after the commission of a prior act of racketeering activity, excluding any period of imprisonment.
  4. "Unlawful debt" and all variations shall reference any money or other things of value constituting principal or interest of a debt that is incurred or contracted in violation of any of the aforementioned activities.

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